Understand Securities and Exchange Board of India SEBI

Securities and Exchange Board

Introduction to SEBI 

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the principal regulator of the securities market in India. It was established in 1988 and was given statutory powers on January 30, 1992, through the SEBI Act. It plays a vital role in maintaining stable and efficient financial markets by regulating securities transactions to protect investors and promote fair, orderly, and transparent markets. This guide delves into the essence of SEBI, highlighting its functions, features, and significant impact on the Indian securities market.

What is Securities and Exchange Board of India?

SEBI is the custodian of the Indian securities market, with a mandate to protect investors’ interests promote and regulate the securities market. Governed by the SEBI Act of 1992, its scope encompasses oversight of stock exchanges, securities brokers, portfolio managers, investment advisors, mutual funds, and other participants in the Indian financial market. SEBI’s regulatory framework is designed to ensure that market operations are conducted transparently, building investor confidence and fostering market integrity.

Central to its mission is developing and enforcing rules and regulations that prevent malpractice, promote fairness, and reduce systemic risks. Through its comprehensive legal powers, SEBI can investigate and penalise market manipulation, fraud, and insider trading, safeguarding the market’s integrity and protecting investors from potential harm.

Features of Securities and Exchange Board of India

Its broad regulatory oversight characterises SEBI’s operations, robust investor protection mechanisms, and initiatives aimed at market development. Its regulatory oversight extends to all market intermediaries and entities, ensuring compliance with established norms and standards. Investor protection is achieved through stringent regulations, surveillance mechanisms, and educational programs designed to inform investors about their rights and the risks associated with market participation.

Furthermore, SEBI plays a crucial role in market development by facilitating innovation in the financial market, encouraging the introduction of new products and services, and adopting global best practices. Its efforts to streamline processes, enhance transparency, and improve governance standards have significantly contributed to the growth and stability of India’s securities market.

Functions of SEBI

SEBI’s functions can be broadly categorised into three main areas: protective, regulatory, and developmental.

Protective Functions:

SEBI’s protective measures aim to shield investors from market malpractices, ensuring their interests are always at the forefront. This includes curbing insider trading, enforcing disclosure norms, and taking strict action against fraudulent activities. SEBI also educates investors, providing them with the knowledge to make informed decisions and understand their rights and responsibilities in the financial market.

Regulatory Functions:

The regulatory functions of SEBI involve oversight and supervision of the securities market, including all entities and intermediaries engaged in securities trading. It encompasses registering and regulating market participants, auditing stock exchanges, and overseeing mergers and acquisitions to ensure fair practices. Securities and Exchange Board regulations aim to ensure the smooth functioning of the market, maintain transparency in financial dealings, and prevent market manipulation.

Developmental Functions:

SEBI’s developmental role includes measures to enhance the market infrastructure and expand the investor base. It involves promoting the use of technology in the securities market, developing new financial instruments, and facilitating the introduction of international investment opportunities. Through its developmental functions, Securities and Exchange Board supports the growth and diversification of the financial market, encouraging broader participation and fostering innovation.


The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is a cornerstone of the Indian financial system, ensuring the securities market operates securely, efficiently, and transparently. Through its comprehensive regulatory framework, SEBI safeguards investors’ interests, promotes fair trading practices, and fosters a conducive environment for market development. SEBI continues to adapt and innovate as the market evolves, ensuring it remains responsive to new challenges and opportunities. The future of India’s securities market looks promising, with SEBI at the helm, guiding its growth and ensuring its integrity.

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