Notice under Section 153(2)

Order of assessment/ reassessment or recomputation u/s 147

The Income Tax Act of India provides several sections that outline the procedures and implications for assessment, reassessment, and recomputation of income. Section 153(2) plays a critical role in the timeframe for completing such procedures under Section 147. This article provides a detailed exploration of Section 153(2), offering insight into its purpose, legal provisions, practical applications, potential penalties, and legal recourse options.

Purpose of the Act

The purpose of the “Notice under Section 153(2)” in the context of an “Order of assessment, reassessment, or recomputation under Section 147” of the Income Tax Act, India, is pretty specific. Here’s a detailed breakdown:


Section 147 – Income Escaping Assessment

Section 147 of the Income Tax Act allows the tax authorities to assess or reassess income that needs to be evaluated appropriately during the original assessment. This provision is used when the Assessing Officer believes that certain income that was chargeable to tax has escaped assessment for any reason, such as omission or failure on the taxpayer’s part to disclose fully and truly all material facts necessary for assessment.


Section 153(2) – Time Limits for Completion of Assessment and Reassessment

Under Section 153(2), specific time limits are set for completing the assessment, reassessment, or recomputation processes initiated under various sections, including Section 147. This section ensures that the reassessment procedures are completed within a specified timeframe to maintain procedural efficiency and prevent undue delays.


Purpose of the Notice under Section 153(2)

  1. Timely Proceedings: The notice primarily serves as a formal communication to the taxpayer, notifying them about the commencement of assessment or reassessment proceedings. This is crucial for maintaining the legal and procedural timelines stipulated under the Income Tax Act.
  2. Legal Requirement: The Assessing Officer must issue this notice before proceeding with reassessment. It legalises the process of reassessment or recomputation under Section 147.
  3. Opportunity to the Taxpayer: The notice allows the taxpayer to prepare and present their case. It will enable them to furnish any additional documents, explanations, or evidence that might have been omitted or not considered during the original assessment.
  4. Transparency and Fairness: The tax authorities ensure transparency in their procedures by issuing this notice. It supports the principles of fairness by informing the taxpayer about the actions and the reasons behind them.

This procedural step is fundamental in tax administration. It ensures that reassessment processes are not only efficient but also equitable, providing taxpayers with a fair chance to present their case.


Process of the Act

  1. Initiation: The process usually begins with a notice to the taxpayer that their tax filings are under scrutiny, possibly under Section 148 (notice for reassessment).
  2. Compliance: The taxpayer may need to provide additional documents or explanations as required by the tax authority.
  3. Assessment/Reassessment Order: Following the investigation, an order under Section 147 is made, which might involve additional tax liabilities, penalties, or sometimes refunds if over-assessment is found.


Content of the Act

  • Notice and Time Limit: This section details the procedural requirements for issuing notices and the deadlines for completing the assessment or reassessment.
  • Extensions and Exceptions: Describes circumstances under which extensions can be granted and lists exceptions to the general rules.


Legal Implications:

  • Taxpayers must respond promptly and accurately to notices under these sections to avoid further penalties and interest.

  • Taxpayers can appeal these orders if they believe the reassessment needs to be corrected.



  • Scenario: If a notice under Section 148 is served on a taxpayer in March 2023 for the FY 2021-22, the assessment or reassessment must be completed by December 2023, i.e., nine months from the end of the financial year in which the notice was served.

Penalties and Prosecution

  • Failure to Comply: Taxpayers who do not comply with the provisions of Section 147 and, subsequently, Section 153(2) may face penalties under Section 271(1)(c) for concealing income or providing inaccurate details.
  • Severe Breaches: In cases of significant underreporting, prosecution under Section 276C may be initiated, which could lead to imprisonment.

Legal Recourse

  • Appeals: Taxpayers have the right to appeal against the order of assessment/reassessment made under Section 147 and reviewed under Section 153(2). Appeals can be made to the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) and the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal.
  • Rectification Requests: Under Section 154, taxpayers can file for rectification if any mistake apparent from the record is identified.



Section 153(2) is crucial for maintaining the punctuality and effectiveness of the income tax assessment process. It ensures that taxpayers and the Income Tax Department adhere to statutory timelines, thus minimising disputes and enhancing compliance. Taxpayers are advised to be aware of these provisions to avoid penalties and to take timely legal recourse if necessary. This article emphasises the importance of understanding and complying with tax laws to ensure smooth financial operations and legal compliance.

This concise exploration of Section 153(2) provides taxpayers with a clearer understanding of their obligations and the legal framework surrounding tax assessments and reassessments.

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