GST DRC-11: Understanding the Provisions and Implications

Legal Basis: Sections 73 and 74 of the CGST Act, 2017

Extracts of Relevant Sections

Section 73: Determination of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilised for any reason other than fraud or any wilful misstatement or suppression of facts.

Section 74: Determination of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilised because of fraud or any wilful misstatement or suppression of facts.

DRC-11 Notice

GST DRC-11 is an order for the recovery of arrears. The GST authorities issue this order under Section 73 or 74 of the CGST Act after adjudication when the taxpayer has defaulted on their tax payment despite receiving demand notices. The DRC-11 serves as the recovery certificate, initiating the process to recover the outstanding dues from the taxpayer.

Example Scenario

Suppose a business, XYZ Pvt Ltd, has been found to have under-reported its sales, leading to a shortfall in tax payments. Despite receiving a DRC-07 (Summary of Order) and subsequent demand notices (such as DRC-09), XYZ Pvt Ltd fails to clear the outstanding dues. Consequently, the GST officer issues a DRC-11 notice, initiating the recovery proceedings to collect the tax arrears from XYZ Pvt Ltd.

Legal Recourse and Proceedings

Legal Recourse

When a taxpayer receives a GST DRC-11 notice, they should:

  1. Review the Notice: Carefully read the notice to understand the details of the arrears and the recovery actions to be taken.
  2. Prepare for Payment: Arrange for the payment of the outstanding amount to avoid further legal actions.
  3. Consult a Professional: Seek advice from a GST practitioner or tax consultant if there are grounds to dispute the arrears or recovery actions.

Legal Proceedings

If the taxpayer fails to respond or pay the outstanding dues, the GST authorities may proceed with the following recovery actions:

  • Attachment of Property: Moveable and immovable properties of the taxpayer may be attached.
  • Attachment of Bank Accounts: Bank accounts may be frozen and funds appropriated.
  • Garnishment: Third parties holding money for or on behalf of the taxpayer may be directed to pay the amount to the government.
  • Distress and Sale: Movable and immovable property may be seized and sold.

Penalties and Interest

Penalties and interest on unpaid dues will continue to accrue until the outstanding amount is fully recovered. Penalties and interest rates are determined under Sections 73 and 74:

  • Interest: Interest on the unpaid tax amount as per Section 50 of the CGST Act (generally 18% per annum, or 24% in cases of undue or excess ITC claims).
  • Penalties: Additional penalties for non-compliance with GST provisions.

Do’s and Don’ts on Receiving a GST DRC-11 Notice


  1. Read Carefully: Understand the specific details and amounts specified in the notice.
  2. Gather Documents: Collect all relevant documents and evidence to support any dispute or to make the payment.
  3. Consult a Professional: Seek advice from a GST practitioner or tax consultant to understand the implications and formulate a response.
  4. Respond Promptly: Take action within the stipulated deadline to avoid further legal consequences.
  5. Maintain Records: Keep copies of the notice and all related documents for future reference.


  1. Ignore the Notice: Ignoring the notice will lead to recovery actions, including attachment of properties and bank accounts.
  2. Delay Response: Delaying your response can result in additional interest and penalties.
  3. Provide Incorrect Information: Ensure that all information provided is accurate and complete to avoid further issues.
  4. Disregard Professional Advice: Always consult with a professional if unsure about the content or implications of the notice.

Legal Remedy

If a taxpayer believes that the recovery actions are unjust or if they face undue hardship, they have the following remedies:

  1. File an Objection: Respond to the notice with valid reasons and request a re-evaluation if there are grounds to dispute the arrears.
  2. Seek Legal Intervention: Approach the appropriate legal forum if the recovery actions are deemed to be issued without proper jurisdiction or in violation of legal provisions.
  3. Appeal: The taxpayer can file an appeal against the recovery actions under Section 107 of the CGST Act within three months from the date of the order.


Sections 73 and 74 of the CGST Act, 2017, provide the framework for the determination and recovery of unpaid taxes. The GST DRC-11 notice is a critical component of this process, initiating the recovery of arrears from defaulting taxpayers. Understanding how to respond to such notices, the potential penalties, and the available legal remedies can help businesses navigate the recovery process smoothly and avoid potential legal issues. Proper preparation and professional guidance are essential to handling recovery actions effectively and ensuring compliance with GST regulations.


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