CMP-05 Notice

Legal Basis: Rule 6(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017

Extract of Rule 6(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017

Rule 6(5) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017, deals with issuing a notice in Form GST CMP-05 by the GST authorities. This notice is issued to taxpayers who have opted for the Composition Scheme, a simplified tax scheme for small businesses, when the authorities believe that the taxpayer is not eligible for the scheme or has contravened its provisions.

Rule 6(5): Notice for Denial of Option to Pay Tax under Composition Scheme

Where the proper officer has reasons to believe that the registered person was not eligible to pay tax under section 10 or has contravened the provisions of the Act or these rules, he may issue a notice to such person in FORM GST CMP-05 to show cause within fifteen days of the receipt of such notice as to why the option to pay tax under section 10 should not be denied.

CMP-05 Notice

GST CMP-05 is a notice issued by the GST authorities to a taxpayer who has opted for the Composition Scheme. This notice is not to be taken lightly. It requires the taxpayer to show cause within 15 days why their option to pay tax under the Composition Scheme should not be denied due to ineligibility or contravention of the scheme’s provisions. Understanding the implications of this notice is crucial for your business’s compliance and financial stability.

Example Scenario

Suppose a business, XYZ Traders, has opted for the Composition Scheme but is found to be engaged in inter-state supply of goods, which is not permitted under the scheme. The GST officer issues a CMP-05 notice to XYZ Traders, asking them to explain why their Composition Scheme registration should not be cancelled due to this violation.

Legal Recourse and Proceedings

Legal Recourse

When a taxpayer receives a CMP-05 notice, they should:

  1. Review the Notice: Carefully read the notice to understand the reasons for the proposed denial of the Composition Scheme.
  2. Prepare a Response: Gather relevant documents and evidence, such as your business registration, tax returns, and invoices, to support your eligibility and compliance with the Composition Scheme provisions.
  3. Submit the Response: File the response within the specified time frame, typically 15 days from receipt of the notice.

Legal Proceedings

If the taxpayer fails to respond adequately or if the response is not satisfactory, the GST authorities may proceed with the following:

  • Denial of Composition Scheme: The taxpayer’s registration under the Composition Scheme may be cancelled, and they will be required to pay tax under the regular scheme.
  • Assessment of Tax Liability: Authorities may assess the tax liability for the period the taxpayer was ineligible for the Composition Scheme.
  • Recovery Actions: If additional tax liability is determined, recovery proceedings may be initiated to collect the outstanding tax, interest, and penalties. These consequences can significantly impact your business’s financial health, making it crucial to respond to the CMP-05 notice promptly and effectively.

Penalties and Prosecution

Penalties for non-compliance with the CMP-05 notice can include:

  • Monetary Penalty: Penalties for tax evasion or incorrect availing of the Composition Scheme, as specified under Section 122 of the CGST Act.
  • Interest: Interest on the unpaid tax as per Section 50 of the CGST Act.
  • Prosecution: In cases of willful misstatement or fraud, prosecution under GST laws may be initiated, leading to severe penalties and imprisonment.

Do’s and Don’ts on Receiving a CMP-05 Notice


  1. Read Carefully: Understand the reasons for the proposed denial of the Composition Scheme.
  2. Gather Evidence: Collect all necessary documents and information to support your eligibility and compliance.
  3. Consult a Professional: Seek advice from a GST practitioner or tax consultant to formulate a strong response.
  4. Respond Promptly: Submit your response within the specified deadline to avoid denial of the Composition Scheme.
  5. Maintain Records: Keep copies of the notice and your response for future reference.


  1. Ignore the Notice: Ignoring the notice will lead to denying the Composition Scheme and additional legal actions.
  2. Delay Response: Delaying your response can result in the scheme being denied and additional interest and penalties.
  3. Provide Incomplete Information: Ensure all the information and documents submitted are complete and accurate.
  4. Disregard Professional Advice: Always consult a professional if unsure about the notice’s content or implications.

Legal Remedy

If a taxpayer believes that the notice is unjust or if they face undue hardship, they have the following remedies:

  1. File an Objection: Respond to the notice with valid reasons and request reconsideration if necessary.
  2. Seek Legal Intervention: If the notice is deemed to have been issued without proper jurisdiction or in violation of legal provisions, approach the appropriate legal forum.
  3. Appeal: If any adverse order is passed following the denial of the Composition Scheme, the taxpayer can file an appeal under Section 107 of the CGST Act within three months from the order date. This provision ensures that you have a fair chance to present your case and rectify any potential errors, providing a sense of security and fairness in the legal process.


Rule 6(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017, ensures that only eligible taxpayers benefit from the Composition Scheme by allowing GST authorities to scrutinise and deny ineligible claims. The CMP-05 notice is a crucial tool for maintaining the integrity of the Composition Scheme. Understanding how to respond to such notices, the potential penalties, and the available legal remedies can help businesses navigate the complexities of GST compliance and avoid severe legal consequences. Proper preparation and professional guidance are essential to handling such notices effectively and ensuring compliance with GST regulations.


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