ASMT-10 Notice

Understanding Section 61 of the CGST Act, 2017

Extract of Section 61 of the CGST Act, 2017

Section 61 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act 2017 is a cornerstone in the scrutiny of GST returns filed by taxpayers. This section grants the proper officer the authority to scrutinise the returns, ensuring their accuracy and adherence to GST laws.

Section 61: Scrutiny of Returns

(1) The proper officer may scrutinise the return and related particulars furnished by the registered person to verify the correctness of the return and inform him of the discrepancies noticed, if any, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed.

(2) The registered person shall, on receipt of the discrepancies under sub-section (1), either accept the differences and pay the tax, interest, and penalty, if any, arising from such discrepancies or furnish an explanation for the differences to the proper officer in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed.

(3) Where the explanation furnished by the registered person is found to be acceptable, the proper officer shall inform him accordingly, and no further action shall be taken in this regard.

(4) Where the explanation furnished by the registered person is not found to be acceptable, or where the registered person, after accepting the discrepancies, fails to take the corrective measure in his return for the month in which the discrepancy is received, the proper officer shall initiate appropriate action including those under Section 65, Section 66, and Section 67, or proceed to determine the tax and other dues under Section 73 or Section 74.

ASMT-10 Notice

GST ASMT-10 is a notice issued by the GST authorities to a taxpayer when discrepancies are found in the returns filed. This notice, which is of utmost importance, requires the taxpayer to explain or rectify these discrepancies.

Example Scenario

Consider a scenario where a business, XYZ Pvt Ltd, files its GST returns for a particular period. Upon scrutiny, the GST officer identifies discrepancies between the reported sales and the details from other sources, such as e-way bills and GSTR-2A. Consequently, the officer issues a GST ASMT-10 notice to XYZ Pvt Ltd to explain or rectify the discrepancies.

Legal Recourse and Proceedings

Legal Recourse

When a taxpayer receives a GST ASMT-10 notice, they should:

  1. Review the Notice: Carefully examine the reasons for the discrepancies identified.
  2. Prepare a Response: Gather relevant documents and evidence to support your case and prepare a detailed reply addressing the issues raised in the notice.
  3. Submit the Response: File the response within the specified time frame, typically 30 days from receipt of the notice.

Legal Proceedings

If a taxpayer fails to respond adequately to a GST ASMT-10 notice or if the response is deemed unsatisfactory, the GST authorities are empowered to take further legal actions, potentially leading to additional penalties.

  • Initiate Audit (Section 65): Conduct an audit to examine the records and returns thoroughly.
  • Special Audit (Section 66): A chartered accountant or cost accountant may initiate a special audit if required.
  • Inspection, Search, and Seizure (Section 67): In cases of significant discrepancies or suspicion of tax evasion, inspection, search, and seizure operations may be conducted.
  • Demand and Recovery (Sections 73 and 74): Issue a demand notice for tax recovery, interest, and penalties.

Penalties and Prosecution

Penalties and prosecution depend on the nature and severity of the discrepancies:

Minor Discrepancies

  • Monetary Penalty: A nominal penalty for minor errors that are rectified promptly.

Major Discrepancies

  • Monetary Penalty: Penalties up to 10% of the tax due or Rs. 10,000, whichever is higher.
  • Interest: Interest on the unpaid tax as per Section 50 of the CGST Act.
  • Prosecution: In cases of willful misstatement or fraud, prosecution under GST laws may be initiated, including imprisonment and additional fines.

Do’s and Don’ts on Receiving a GST ASMT-10 Notice


  1. Read Carefully: Understand the specific discrepancies and the amount of tax, interest, and penalties, if any.
  2. Gather Evidence: Collect all necessary documents, such as invoices, returns, and correspondence with GST authorities.
  3. When Faced with a GST ASMT-10 notice, it is highly recommended to seek advice from a GST practitioner or tax consultant. Their expertise can assist in formulating a robust response and comprehending the notice’s implications.
  4. Respond Promptly: Submit your response within the specified deadline to avoid further legal action.
  5. Maintain Records: Keep copies of the notice and your response for future reference.


  1. Ignore the Notice: Ignoring the notice will lead to further action, including audits and recovery proceedings.
  2. Delay Response: Delaying your response can result in additional interest and penalties.
  3. Provide Incomplete Information: Ensure all the information and documents submitted are complete and accurate.
  4. Disregard Professional Advice: Always consult with a professional if you are unsure about the content or implications of the notice.

Legal Remedy

If a taxpayer believes that the scrutiny and subsequent actions are unjust, they can take comfort in the fact that they have the following remedies:

  1. File an Objection: Respond to the notice with valid evidence and explanations within the stipulated time frame.
  2. Appeal: If dissatisfied with the order following the scrutiny, the taxpayer can file an appeal under Section 107 of the CGST Act within three months from the order date.
  3. Seek Legal Advice: Consult with a legal expert or GST practitioner to explore further legal remedies, including filing a writ petition if there is a violation of principles of natural justice.


Section 61 of the CGST Act 2017 provides the framework for scrutinising GST returns to ensure compliance and correctness. The GST ASMT-10 notice is crucial for tax authorities to identify and rectify discrepancies. Understanding how to respond to such notices, the potential penalties, and the available legal remedies can help businesses navigate the complexities of GST compliance and avoid severe legal consequences. Proper preparation and professional guidance are crucial to handling audits effectively and ensuring compliance with GST regulations.


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